AskDefine | Define Salem

Dictionary Definition

Salem

Noun

1 capital of the state of Oregon in the northwestern part of the state on the Willamette River [syn: capital of Oregon]
2 a city in northeastern Massachusetts; site of the witchcraft trials in 1692
3 a city in southern India

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Proper noun

  1. The capital city of Oregon
  2. The former name of Jerusalem
  3. A city in Massachusetts

Extensive Definition

Salem is a common name for towns and places, particularly in the Western world. In ancient times it was the name of a locality in the Near East (Palestine), and traditionally identified with Jerusalem, before the name "Jerusalem" was used. It is mentioned in the Bible in Genesis , in connection with the figure Melchizedek, typically translated "King of Salem" which means "King of Peace". However, the Hebrew text, according to some scholars, is not clear; instead of the "King of Salem" (melekh Salem) reading, the original text may have had melekh shelomo ("a king allied to him") http://www.usccb.org/nab/bible/genesis/genesis14.htm#foot5. There may also be a connection to the Canaanite god Shalem http://www.biu.ac.il/JS/rennert/history_2.html.

Common uses

Elsewhere

* Salem, Ontario * Salem, Tamil Nadu, a city of 700,000

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Other

Salem in Catalan: Salem (desambiguació)
Salem in Czech: Salem
Salem in Danish: Salem (flertydig)
Salem in German: Salem
Salem in Spanish: Salem
Salem in Esperanto: Salem
Salem in French: Salem
Salem in Korean: 세일럼
Salem in Italian: Salem
Salem in Hebrew: סאלם
Salem in Dutch: Salem
Salem in Japanese: セイラム
Salem in Norwegian: Salem
Salem in Norwegian Nynorsk: Salem
Salem in Polish: Salem
Salem in Portuguese: Salém
Salem in Slovak: Salem
Salem in Finnish: Salem
Salem in Swedish: Salem (olika betydelser)
Salem in Turkish: Salem
Salem in Volapük: Salem
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